Quechua Grammar Basics - Multi-Purpose Suffixes

First Steps

Lets look at some more suffixes and examples. The first one you will encounter all the time, so it's important to know.

This first suffix is -ta. This suffix does a few different things:
  1. indicates direct, and sometimes, indirect objects. It's what we're talking about.
  2. it can change adjectives into adverbs
  3. it can indicate a destination, like when you're going to some place.
The second multi-purpose suffix is -man which you have seen before. Context is everything.

Suffix Quechua Meaning Sample usage
-ta (1) direct object "Imata ruwashanki?"
'What doing-you?'

"Kay k'intuta phukurimushayki"
'This k'intu-obj blow-polite-towards-you'
(1) indirect object marker "Yanapariwaychu mishayta maskhayta?"
'Help-me-please-question misha-my-obj find-obj?'
(2) adverb transform
    ('good' --> 'well')
"(In answer to 'allillanchu?') Allinta!"
('Well are you?')' Well! (am-I)!'
(3) direction marker "Ashevilleta rishani"
'Asheville-to going-am-I'
-man* (1) to, towards "Machu Picchuman rishani"
'Machu Picchu-towards going-I'
(2) indirect object marker
   (implied direction ...)
"Rumita payman quni"
'(a) stone to-her/him give-I'